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Useful Tips to Save Energy

Lighting :
>Turn off the lights when not in use
>Take advantage of daylight by using light-colored, loose-weave curtains o­n your windows to allow daylight to penetrate the room. Also, decorate with lighter colors that reflect daylight
>De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination
>Use task lighting; instead of brightly lighting an entire room, focus the light where you need it
>Compact fluorescent bulbs / LED are four times more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs and provide the same lighting
>Use electronic chokes in place of conventional copper chokes 
Fans :
>Replace conventional regulators with electronic regulators for ceiling fans>Install exhaust fans at a higher elevation than ceiling fans
Electric iron :
>Select iron boxes with automatic temperature cutoff>Use appropriate regulator position for ironing>Do not put more water o­n clothes while ironing>Do not iron wet clothes
Kitchen Appliances :

>Mixers
>Avoid dry grinding in your food processors ( mixers and grinders) as it takes longer time than liquid grinding

>Microwaves ovens
>Consumes 50 % less energy than conventional electric / gas stoves
>Do not bake large food items
>Unless you're baking breads or pastries, you may not even need to preheat
>Don't open the oven door too often to check food condition as each opening leads to a temperature drop of 25°C
>Electric stove
>Turn off electric stoves several minutes before the specified cooking time
>Use flat-bottomed pans that make full contact with the cooking coil
>Gas stove
>When cooking o­n a gas burner, use moderate flame settings to conserve LPG
>Remember that a blue flame means your gas stove is operating efficiently
>Yellowish flame is an indicator that the burner needs cleaning
>Use pressure cookers as much as possible>Use lids to cover the pans while cooking
>Bring items taken out of refrigerators (like vegetables, milk etc) to room temperature before placing o­n the gas stove for heating
>Use Solar Water Heater - a good replacement for a electric water heater Electronic Devices
>Do not switch o­n the power when TV and Audio Systems are not in use i.e. idle operation leads to an energy loss of 10 watts/device

Computers
>Turn off your home office equipment when not in use. A computer that runs 24 hours a day, for instance, uses - more power than an energy-efficient refrigerator.
>If your computer must be left o­n, turn off the monitor; this device alone uses more than half the system's energy.
>Setting computers, monitors, and copiers to use sleep-mode when not in use helps cut energy costs by approximately 40%.
>Battery chargers, such as those for laptops, cell phones and digital cameras, draw power whenever they are plugged in and are very inefficient. Pull the plug and save.
>Screen savers save computer screens, not energy. Start-ups and shutdowns do not use any extra energy, nor are they hard o­n your computer components. In fact, shutting computers down when you are finished using them actually reduces system wear - and saves energy

Refrigerator
>Regularly defrost manual-defrost refrigerators and freezers; frost buildup increases the amount of energy needed to keep the motor running.
>Leave enough space between your refrigerator and the walls so that air can easily circulate around the refrigerator
>Don't keep your refrigerator or freezer too cold.
>Make sure your refrigerator door seals are airtight
>Cover liquids and wrap foods stored in the refrigerator. Uncovered foods release moisture and make the compressor work harder.>Do not open the doors of the refrigerators frequently
>Don't leave the fridge door open for longer than necessary, as cold air will escape.>Use smaller cabinets for storing frequently used items
>Avoid putting hot or warm food straight into the fridge

Washing machines
>Always wash o­nly with full loads>Use optimal quantity of water
>Use timer facility to save energy>Use the correct amount of detergent
>Use hot water o­nly for very dirty clothes
>Always use cold water in the rinse cycle
>Prefer natural drying over electric dryers

Air Conditioners
>Prefer air conditioners having automatic temperature cut off
>Keep regulators at "low cool" position
>Operate the ceiling fan in conjunction with your window air conditioner to spread the cooled air more effectively throughout the room and operate the air conditioner at higher temperature
>Seal the doors and windows properly>Leave enough space between your air conditioner and the walls to allow better air circulation
>A roof garden can reduce the load o­n Air Conditioner
>Use windows with sun films/curtains
>Set your thermostat as high as comfortably possible in the summer. The less difference between the indoor and outdoor temperatures, the lower will be energy consumption.
>Don't set your thermostat at a colder setting than normal when you turn o­n your air conditioner. It will not cool your home any faster and could result in excessive cooling.
>Don't place lamps or TV sets near your air-conditioning thermostat. The thermostat senses heat from these appliances, which can cause the air conditioner to run longer than necessary.
>Plant trees or shrubs to shade air-conditioning units but not to block the airflow. A unit operating in the shade uses as much as 10% less electricity than the same o­ne operating in the sun. 
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Source : South Central Railway CMS Team Last Reviewed on: 18-07-2017  


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