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SOUTH CENTRAL RAILWAY
PRESS RELEASE
PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICE, SECUNDERABAD - 500 071
No.623/2022-2318-10-2022
Secunderabad
PR. No. 623 - SCR develops urban forest (Miyawaki) in Hyderabad City region



- 4,300 Square meters of Miyawaki Plantation developed at Shanti Nagar Railway Colony, Lallaguda

Taking another major step in its continuous journey towards environmental protection and development efforts, South Central Railways has developed Urban forest in the Twin City region. In this regard, Miyawaki plantation has been undertaken at Shanti Nagar Railway Colony in North Lallaguda.

The work is being undertaken in a phased manner. As of today, over 4300 square meters of Miyawaki plantation has been completed and another 1,100 square meters of work is in progress and targeted to be completed in the near future. In total, the Miyawaki plantation will be spread across 5400 square meters with 20,000 plants at Shanti Nagar Colony. This project is taken up in association with “Say Trees Environmental Trust” (NGO).

Miyawaki is an urban forestry with dense multi species plants grown. It is Ecological Engineering where native plants / trees are planted in a scientific method to create an arrangement of fast growing, dense, varied species of plants. The Growth of plants is ten times faster than normal plantation, they are self-sustaining after two years and the chances of survival are 100%. The Plants receive sunlight o­nly from the top and grow upwards rather than sideways. Native species of 50-55 varieties (Fruit bearing, medicinal, flowering and timbering etc) are selected. SCR has also completed Miyawaki plantation in Gadwal and Nizamabad spread over an area of 2300 square meters with 8500 plants.

In fact, Hyderabad Division of SCR has been actively developing Miyawaki plantation across its jurisdiction. Apart from the current plantation at Shanti Nagar Colony, Miyawaki Plantation has already been developed at Gadwal and Nizamabad railway premises spread across 2,300 sq meters.

Shri Arun Kumar Jain, General Manager (In-Charge), South Central Railway appreciated the efforts of Hyderabad Division Team for utilizing the area towards environmental protection. He called upon everyone to also plant saplings in their residential areas as it is the need of the hour and nurture its growth, so as to create a greener and safer environment.

About Miyawaki Tree Plantation

Miyawaki Technique first of all, Miyawaki is a Japanese technique. It was developed by Akira Miyawaki, where he was aboutness, he studied the native forest, whatever native forest and he find out there is a particular ratio of different type of species. Like there are canopy trees, sub canopy trees, small trees and shrub layer.

So he prepared a specific ratio based o­n the kind of families these trees belong to. And with that ratio, we can plant sapling very close to each other in o­ne square meter we can plant around three to four species in o­ne square meter. That means in an acre, we can go up to about 12,000 samples.

Why something hard? So it's an ultra dance plantation method. It includes all types of all variety of species like Timber variety then flowers, then medicinal then herbs everything. So there are some basic requirement for a trip plantation, has you are discussing like about the land requirement. So there we need to dig three feet of soil so that means we don't require anything below the surface.

They should not be underlying cables or pipelines. That piece of land should be dedicated to a forestation purpose. We cannot do any other intervention in future.

Then the second requirement is same. We can't plant trees with the overhead cave, cables.

And the most important requirement is the water availability because it's a water intensive process. We have to give three liters of water per sampling. For first six months, three liters of water, this happened. We prepare the soil bed. So first of all, we have to prepare the soil better. We do soil testing based o­n the soil testing, we have different quantity of soil nutrition. So yesterday I did soil testing of this area.

Major things we look into soil testing are:

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Soil carbon

Organic Carbon

PH level

Based o­n the soil report, we select our biomass in biomass, Cocopeat (moisture retention), Vermi compost (organic Carbon, phosphorus), Rice husk ( Nitrogen, Organic Carbon), Neem cake, EM solutions, Ganjeevamritum and Jaggery.

We put o­ne 10 kgs / Sapling of biomass, then we put the soil back and o­n top of it we spray. Neem cake name, cake. And then we plant the saplings. o­nce a soil, bite is prepared. It is very loose.

We cover soil using mulch to reduce the evaporation rate and also will keep the soil back moist all the time then o­n a regular basis. Every quarter, whenever mulch decomposes, we have to again do remulching and put some organic solutions.





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